“Nirvana” is a rock band of America constructed by Kurt Cobain and Krist Novoselic in 1987. They were singer/guitarist and bassist respectively. Their earlier activities hardly brought any success until 1989. Afterwards, Dave Grohl became a member and with his help; Nirvana became more and more advanced with a lot of successes.
They recorded their 1st demos in January 1988. Dale Crover, a new member, helped them but he left just after finishing the record. Then, Dave Foster was replaced as the 2nd drummer. They unveiled their first single “Love Buzz” in November 1988. Foster left too. Chad Channing became another temporary member. Following that year, Nirvana’s first album “Bleach” was released. The recording cost of Blench was about $606.17. Jason Everman provided the whole money. Later, he joined the band as the 2nd guitarist in 1989. Blench also became favorite of college radio stations. In order to enhance the advertising of the album, they decided to make a national tour. But eventually, the tour was cancelled due to the disagreement with Everman. As a result, Everman left the band. Unfortunately, distribution and promotion of the first album failed to make further progress. Only 40,000 copies were sold. Later, with the help of Steve fisk, a producer, “Blew” EP was recorded. Afterwards, their sound development activities went to a full extent. They successfully developed and used the sound based on dynamic contrasts. In September 1990, Cobian and Novoselic found Dave Grohl who was their most expected and right drummer. Nirvana, consisting of three permanent members, signed to DGC Records in 1990. Their 2ndalbum “Nevermind” was released in 1991. Although they were not hopeful with that album but especially the single ‘Smell like Teen Spirit’ became a hit song. Because of that debut song of their 2nd album, Nirvana became quite popular and familiar to the whole nation as ‘alternative rock’. The band was also considered as ‘flagship band’ of Generation X. The expected number of copies to sell was 250,000 but DGC Records successfully sold near about 7 million copies of ‘Nevermind’ only in U.S.A. That’s not all. Soon, this album reached the number one position on the top chart. They performed their new song “Rape Me” at the MTV Video Music Awards. They were very lucky because they received “Best Alternative Video” award and “Best New Artist” award at the ceremony. Their 4th single “In Bloom” was released in 1992. Following that year, another single “Puss”/”Oh, the guilt” was released. Their 3rd album “In Utero” was released in 1993. Fortunately, it’s another album that claimed the number one position on the Billboard. Over 3.5 million copies were sold in U.S.A again. Nirvana decided to make a worldwide tour then; First tour in various subkingdom of U.S.A and secondly, in Europe. Their first was completed successfully. But in early 1994, Cobain became sick suddenly. Doctors said that it was the effect of taking excessive alcohol. The tour to Europe was cancelled. Instead of avoiding drugs, Cobain became addicted to heroin once again. He was convinced not to get used to the addiction otherwise that would be very harmful for his body. On 8th April 1994, Cobain made suicide as he was found dead with a shotgun at home. Novoselic and Grohl were shocked due to this unexpected and sudden death of Cobain. All the hopes and all the beliefs of Nirvana came to an end. But DGC didn’t. In November 1994, “Live! Tonight! Sold Out!!” (First full length video of Nirvana) was released. Next year, Nirvana won a Grammy Award for Best alternative Music album. DGC issued “From the Muddy Banks of the Wishkah” that was a live album of Nirvana. In 1997, Grohl, Novoselic and Cobain’s widow Courtney Love constructed “Limited Liability Corporation” (LLC) with a view to observe all the projects related to Nirvana. All the unreleased singles, e.g. “You Know You’re Right”, “With the Light’s out” were released after 2002. Besides, 20th anniversary deluxe edition of ‘Bleach’ and ‘Nevermind’ were released in 2009 and 2011 respectively.
Nirvana sold over 25 million copies of their albums only in U.S.A, and over 50 million worldwide. Obviously, this band would become the greatest and the most popular in the history if Kurt Cobain was alive today, no doubt.